1st Floor Edificio da Silva e Menezes,
Near Holy Family Church,
Alto Porvorim, Bardez Goa 403501, India
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The leading causes of oral injuries are sports, violence, falls and motor vehicle collisions. Bad eating habits such as biting down strongly on a hard sucking sweet, a bone, or any solid object, are often the causes of damage to teeth.
After any injury to a tooth, a visit to the dentist is necessary, with follow up visits to monitor the recovery .
Varying degrees of damage can occur, from mild chipping through to fracture, and to loss of the tooth. The treatment will vary : If the enamel is chipped, smoothing the sharp or roughened edge is usually all that is needed. If a front tooth has a chipped biting edge, a tooth-coloured plastic filling can be bonded to the tooth. This will restore the tooth's shape and appearance, and protect the edge from further damage.
If the crown of a tooth has a larger piece broken off, it is likely to cause the dentine to become sensitive to hot and cold. This can be repaired with a tooth coloured filling, or the fitting of a veneer restoration .
A major break of the crown can expose the nerve and blood vessels. A root canal treatment will be required before the crown of the tooth can be repaired. Extensive damage usually requires a veneer or replacement crown restoration.
When the break occurs below the gum line , the tooth may have to be exposed by surgery. This has to be done to enable the dentist to work on the root. This is called a crown lengthening procedure. A root canal treatment has to be done, and a replacement crown fitted .
If a tooth is knocked loose,it can be kept in position by joining it to a firm tooth next to it. The loose tooth must be held firmly in place to allow healing of the bone around the tooth. This is referred to as using a splint.